About Muscular Dystrophy
Since the awareness of MD is limited among the public worldwide, and especially in India, this section offers a gist about MD. We also hope this will help the reader know the gravity of the situation and our justification for intervention.
‘Muscular Dystrophy’ (MD) refers to a group of degenerative, muscle destroying, neuromuscular disorder to which no cure is available till date. The cause of the disease is simply said to be ‘a defective gene’ and the disease is hereditary as well as ‘instant’ by its nature. The progressive deterioration which usually starts from skeletal muscles of the body spreads to destroy the internal organs such as lung muscles and cardiac muscles, as the condition progresses. Though there are variations across the 9 major types of Muscular Dystrophy, all of them could collapse the normal living ability of the afflicted. A few of them are terminal too.
Severity of the condition, speed of deterioration, onset of disability & morbidity, scope of survival, carrier risk, impact on the overall quality of life etc., varies across types.
Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (CMD), Duchene Muscular Dystrophy (DMD), Limb Girdle Muscular Dystrophy (LGMD 1C & 2C), Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA 1&2), Myotonic Muscular Dystrophy (MMD1) are the few types which could have an early onset (at the infant stage) are considered to be most severe.